Sweden - Consumption trends
The Swedish total consumption of alcohol per capita over 15 years or older was 9 litres of pure alcohol in 2017, out of which 2 litres was unrecorded consumption. The wine was the most commonly consumed beverage.
According to OECD report "State of Health in the EU (2017)" "Overall alcohol consumption per adult has increased and one-fifth of adults report heavy alcohol consumption on a regular basis."
Regardless of that developments, alcohol consumption among Swedish adults is the lowest in the EU with adults consuming 7.2 litres per capita in 2015, although this is up from 6.2 litres in 2000. Alcohol consumption among 15-year-olds is also among the lowest in the EU, with 18% of girls and 15% of boys reporting having been drunk at least twice in their life (compared to an EU average of 23% among girls and 27% among boys). However, there remains a challenge in reducing regular binge drinking among a sizeable proportion of adults. Over 20% of adults in Sweden (12% of women and 29% of men) report heavy alcohol consumption on a regular basis, which is slightly higher than the EU average.
Sweden’s low levels of preventable deaths for causes such as lung cancer (third lowest mortality rate in the EU), alcohol-related deaths (eighth lowest) and road traffic accidents (second lowest) can partly be explained by strong public health policies. Public awareness campaigns and high taxes on tobacco and alcohol, a long tradition in Sweden, have contributed to restricting consumption. The alcohol control policy is characterised by a state retail monopoly that limits access to dedicated stores with restricted opening hours. It also imposes a minimum age limit of 20 years to buy liquor.